Water is essential for human survival, both on individual and a societal level. Water’s position as arguably the most important resource naturally leads to the question: Can wars be fought over water? There have been studies that claimed that certain types of natural resources scarcity combined with societal and political factors can lead to violent conflict. A new direction in the literature observes that natural resource management can foster cooperation as opposed to conflict. Studies that focus specifically on water and conflict conclude that “water wars” are unlikely and disagree what types of conflict disagreements over water resources might produce.